Female Incarceration and the Lived Experience
This multimedia project was the result of taking a course called, "Female Incarceration and the Lived Experience" at Emory University. During the course I was exposed to a variety of interdisciplinary perspectives and theories on incarceration, and had the opportunity to engage in lectures from professors of different disciplines, correctional officers, and leaders of activist projects, The goal was to address the issues women encounter that result in incarceration and issues women face in U.S. prisons including health related issues. We were pushed to reflect on our own values and perceptions of incarceration throughout the course and given the opportunity to visit and and take courses with women who are incarcerated in Georgia Prisons.
Overview of Nicole Hahn Rafter's Article
The History of Female Incarceration:
Stages of Development from 1790 to Present Day
Despite variation in causes and character, there has been differential care of female prisoners across time in the U.S. (Rafter, 130).
Custodial Model 1790-1870
- Female prisons resembled male ones, and women typically received less care
- Women's units were within men prisons
- Due to the prison industrial complex and sexism, women were seen as less profitable for work and more expensive per capita
- In the 1820's Men were fed twice a day and subject to hard labor outside. In contrast women were all kept in attic, fed once a day, and not able to go outdoors.
- often left unattended and were subject to violent outbreaks
Reformatory Model 1870-1935
- This happened during the Social Purity, Feminism, and Eugenic movements.
- Social feminists worked to improve existing conditions of prisons but mistakenly ended up focusing on sexual differences rather than equality.
- Facilities were entirely run by women, and worked to de-industrialize
- Women were segregated and put in rural cottages under a head 'mother'.
- Women were trained to be 'good' wives, servants.
- Prisons evolved back to perpetuate older traditions combined with differential treatment
Read full article by clicking link below.
Georgia's Penal Justice System Overall
- 4th Largest Prison system in the United States
- 9th highest incarceration rate in the U.S.
- 1/32 people in the United states is under correctional supervision; in Georgia it's 1/13 people
- It costs 21k per prisoner per year in the state of Georgia.
Pathways & Pipelines to Women Incarceration in Georgia at a Quick Glance
Women are typically incarcerated for non-violent or self-defence crimes.
Need more Information?
Contact the Professors of this course
Brenda Baker, PhD, RNC, CNS
School of Nursing, office 338
Senior Lecturer in English
Coordinator of Writing and Language Support for Multilingual Students
Jessica McDermott Sales, PhD
Rollins School of Public Health
Contact or Read More from the Author
To read more about female incarceration, click on the button below to read Jalyn Radziminski's blog posts. In her blogs she also incorporates links and pdf's to read more educational articles like above.